What is the immunological visit?
The immunological visit is aimed at the patient suffering from diseases characterized by an alteration of the immune system such as autoimmune diseases, autoinflammatory diseases, immunodeficiencies and allergic diseases. The doctor, after the clinical examination, prescribes the most useful examinations for the diagnosis of the disease and plans the most appropriate treatment for the case.
What is the purpose of the immunological visit?
The diseases of immunological area are a very numerous family of pathologies in which the immune system normally programmed to defend the organism from the aggression of external pathogens, such as viruses and bacteria, for defects of genetic or environmental nature is addressed against the same organism leading to a progressive degeneration of tissues and organs.
The immunological visit is the first step for the analysis of the patient's immune mechanisms and to ascertain the immunological origin of symptoms such as pain or rashes and thus diagnose pathologies such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis, gout, Reiter's syndrome, fever rheumatic, other autoimmune systemic diseases, which are growing rapidly in recent years, such as systemic sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Sjögren's syndrome, connectitis, primary biliary cirrhosis.
Raynaud's phenomenon, scleroderma, arteritis and vasculitis, such as Horton's arteritis, Behçet's disease, Takayasu's arteritis, are part of the study and treatment of the immunologist.
How is the immunological visit carried out?
The patient is visited by the immunologist and his health staff to collect the most information on the history and lifestyle of the patient: diet, smoking, physical activity and sedentary lifestyle, possible pathologies in progress, interventions previous, family cases of similar diseases, taking drugs.
The specialist then proceeds to a clinical visit that can last between 30 and 40 minutes during which he proceeds to the palpation of the abdomen, to the auscultation of the heart, to the measurement of the pressure. In conclusion, it prescribes the investigations to be carried out for patients who need diagnostic tests (blood tests, radiological examinations, cardiological examinations), genetic tests or those specific to the search for autoantibodies involved in the autoimmune mechanism.